Presentation Layer: This layer is responsible for the user interface and interaction with the SAP system. It includes components like web browsers, SAP GUI (Graphical User Interface), and mobile apps that allow users to access and interact with SAP applications.
Application Layer: This layer contains the business logic and functionality of the SAP system. It includes various SAP modules such as Sales and Distribution (SD), Materials Management (MM), Financial Accounting (FI), and Human Capital Management (HCM). These modules handle specific business processes and transactions.
Database Layer: This layer stores and manages the data required by the SAP system. It typically uses a relational database management system (RDBMS) such as SAP HANA, Oracle, or Microsoft SQL Server. The database layer ensures data integrity, security, and efficient retrieval of information.
Integration Layer: This layer facilitates communication and data exchange between the SAP system and other external systems or applications. It includes interfaces, adapters, and integration middleware that enable seamless integration with third-party systems, legacy systems, or other SAP systems.
Infrastructure Layer: Th
is layer comprises the underlying hardware and network infrastructure that supports the SAP system. It includes servers, storage devices, network components, and other IT infrastructure elements required for the reliable and efficient operation of the SAP environment.